3.2.8 Packet Tracer – Investigate a VLAN Implementation Answers

Last Updated on February 22, 2021 by Admin

3.2.8 Packet Tracer – Investigate a VLAN Implementation Answers

   CCNA 2 v7 & 7.02   
Final Exam Answers
This Modules 1 - 4
Modules 1 - 4 Exam Answers Online Test
Next Modules 5 - 6
Modules 5 - 6 Exam Answers Online Test
CCNA 2 SRWE v7.02 - Packet Tracer Activities Answers & Solutions
1.0.5 Packet Tracer – Logical and Physical Mode Exploration Answers
1.1.7 Packet Tracer – Basic Switch Configuration – Physical Mode Answers
1.3.6 Packet Tracer – Configure SSH Answers
1.4.7 Packet Tracer – Configure Router Interfaces Answers
1.5.10 Packet Tracer – Verify Directly Connected Networks Answers
1.6.1 Packet Tracer – Implement a Small Network Answers
1.6.2 Packet Tracer  – Configure Basic Router Settings – Physical Mode Answers
3.1.4 Packet Tracer – Who Hears the Broadcast Answers
3.2.8 Packet Tracer – Investigate a VLAN Implementation Answers
3.3.12 Packet Tracer – VLAN Configuration Answers
3.4.5 Packet Tracer – Configure Trunks Answers
3.4.6 Packet Tracer – Configure VLANs and Trunking – Physical Mode Answers
3.5.5 Packet Tracer – Configure DTP Answers
3.6.1 Packet Tracer – Implement VLANs and Trunking Answers
4.2.7 Packet Tracer – Configure Router-on-a-Stick Inter-VLAN Routing Answers
4.3.8 Packet Tracer – Configure Layer 3 Switching and Inter-VLAN Routing Answers
4.4.8 Packet Tracer – Troubleshoot Inter-VLAN Routing Answers
4.4.9 Packet Tracer – Troubleshoot Inter-VLAN Routing – Physical Mode Answers
4.5.1 Packet Tracer – Inter-VLAN Routing Challenge Answers
CCNA 1 SRWE v7.02 - Student Lab Answers & Solutions
1.1.7 Lab – Basic Switch Configuration Answers
1.6.2 Lab – Configure Basic Router Settings Answers
3.4.6 Lab – Configure VLANs and Trunking Answers
3.6.2 Lab – Implement VLANs and Trunking Answers
4.2.8 Lab – Configure Router-on-a-Stick Inter-VLAN Routing Answers
4.4.9 Lab – Troubleshoot Inter-VLAN Routing Answers
4.5.2 Lab – Implement Inter-VLAN Routing Answers

Packet Tracer – Investigate a VLAN Implementation (Answers Version)

Answers Note: Red font color or gray highlights indicate text that appears in the Answers copy only.

Addressing Table

Device

Interface

IP Address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

S1

VLAN 99

172.17.99.31

255.255.255.0

N/A

S2

VLAN 99

172.17.99.32

255.255.255.0

N/A

S3

VLAN 99

172.17.99.33

255.255.255.0

N/A

PC1

NIC

172.17.10.21

255.255.255.0

172.17.10.1

PC2

NIC

172.17.20.22

255.255.255.0

172.17.20.1

PC3

NIC

172.17.30.23

255.255.255.0

172.17.30.1

PC4

NIC

172.17.10.24

255.255.255.0

172.17.10.1

PC5

NIC

172.17.20.25

255.255.255.0

172.17.20.1

PC6

NIC

172.17.30.26

255.255.255.0

172.17.30.1

PC7

NIC

172.17.10.27

255.255.255.0

172.17.10.1

PC8

NIC

172.17.20.28

255.255.255.0

172.17.20.1

PC9

NIC

172.17.30.29

255.255.255.0

172.17.30.1

Objectives

Part 1: Observe Broadcast Traffic in a VLAN Implementation

Part 2: Observe Broadcast Traffic without VLANs

Background

In this activity, you will observe how broadcast traffic is forwarded by the switches when VLANs are configured and when VLANs are not configured.

Instructions

Part 1:Observe Broadcast Traffic in a VLAN Implementation

Step 1:Ping from PC1 to PC6.

  1. Wait for all the link lights to turn to green. To accelerate this process, click Fast Forward Time located in the bottom tool bar.
  2. Click the Simulation tab and use the Add Simple PDU tool. Click PC1, and then click PC6.
  3. Click the Capture/Forward button to step through the process. Observe the ARP requests as they traverse the network. When the Buffer Full window appears, click the View Previous Events button.

Questions:

Were the pings successful? Explain.

Type your answers here.

No, the pings were not successful because PC1 is on a different VLAN than PC6, which won’t allow these devices to communicate with each other because they are separated logically.

Look at the Simulation Panel, where did S3 send the packet after receiving it?

Type your answers here.

S3 sent it to PC4 because it was on the same VLAN as PC1.

In normal operation, when a switch receives a broadcast frame on one of its ports, it forwards the frame out all other ports. Notice that S2 only sends the ARP request out F0/1 to S1. Also notice that S3 only sends the ARP request out F0/11 to PC4. PC1 and PC4 both belong to VLAN 10. PC6 belongs to VLAN 30. Because broadcast traffic is contained within the VLAN, PC6 never receives the ARP request from PC1. Because PC4 is not the destination, it discards the ARP request. The ping from PC1 fails because PC1 never receives an ARP reply.

Step 2:Ping from PC1 to PC4.

  1. Click the New button under the Scenario 0 dropdown tab. Now click on the Add Simple PDU icon on the right side of Packet Tracer and ping from PC1 to PC4.
  2. Click the Capture/Forward button to step through the process. Observe the ARP requests as they traverse the network. When the Buffer Full window appears, click the View Previous Events button.

Question:

Were the pings successful? Explain.

Type your answers here.

Yes, because PC1 and PC4 both belong to VLAN 10, so the path of the ARP request is the same as before. Because PC4 is the destination, it replies to the ARP request. PC1 is then able to send the ping with the destination MAC address for PC4.

  1. Examine the Simulation Panel.

Question:

When the packet reached S1, why does it also forward the packet to PC7?

Type your answers here.

Because PC7 also belong to VLAN 10 and the ARP requests was for VLAN10, switches will forward to any devices that are connected to VLAN10 in their port.

Part 2:Observe Broadcast Traffic without VLANs

Step 1:Clear the configurations on all three switches and delete the VLAN database.

  1. Return to Realtime mode.

Open configuration window

  1. Delete the startup configuration on all 3 switches.

Questions:

What command is used to delete the startup configuration of the switches?

Type your answers here.

Switch# erase startup-config

Where is the VLAN file stored in the switches?

Type your answers here.

flash:vlan.dat

  1. Delete the VLAN file on all 3 switches.

Question:

What command deletes the VLAN file stored in the switches?

Type your answers here.

Switch# delete vlan.dat

Step 2:Reload the switches.

Use the reload command in privileged EXEC mode to reset all the switches. Wait for the entire link to turn green. To accelerate this process, click Fast Forward Time located in the bottom yellow tool bar.

Close configuration window

Step 3:Click Capture/Forward to send ARP requests and pings.

  1. After the switches reload and the link lights return to green, the network is ready to forward your ARP and ping traffic.
  2. Select Scenario 0 from the drop-down tab to return to Scenario 0.
  3. From Simulation mode, click the Capture/Forward button to step through the process. Notice that the switches now forward the ARP requests out all ports, except the port on which the ARP request was received. This default action of switches is why VLANs can improve network performance. Broadcast traffic is contained within each VLAN. When the Buffer Full window appears, click the View Previous Events button.

Reflection Questions

  1. If a PC in VLAN 10 sends a broadcast message, which devices receive it?

Type your answers here.

All devices that are on VLAN 10.

  1. If a PC in VLAN 20 sends a broadcast message, which devices receive it?

Type your answers here.

All devices that are on VLAN 20.

  1. If a PC in VLAN 30 sends a broadcast message, which devices receive it?

Type your answers here.

All devices that are on VLAN 30.

  1. What happens to a frame sent from a PC in VLAN 10 to a PC in VLAN 30?

Type your answers here.

It will be dropped.

  1. In terms of ports, what are the collision domains on the switch?

Type your answers here.

Each port is a separate collision domain.

  1. In terms of ports, what are the broadcast domains on the switch?

Type your answers here.

They are divided by the number of VLANs in the switch.

 

   CCNA 2 v7 & 7.02   
Final Exam Answers
This Modules 1 - 4
Modules 1 - 4 Exam Answers Online Test
Next Modules 5 - 6
Modules 5 - 6 Exam Answers Online Test
CCNA 2 SRWE v7.02 - Packet Tracer Activities Answers & Solutions
1.0.5 Packet Tracer – Logical and Physical Mode Exploration Answers
1.1.7 Packet Tracer – Basic Switch Configuration – Physical Mode Answers
1.3.6 Packet Tracer – Configure SSH Answers
1.4.7 Packet Tracer – Configure Router Interfaces Answers
1.5.10 Packet Tracer – Verify Directly Connected Networks Answers
1.6.1 Packet Tracer – Implement a Small Network Answers
1.6.2 Packet Tracer  – Configure Basic Router Settings – Physical Mode Answers
3.1.4 Packet Tracer – Who Hears the Broadcast Answers
3.2.8 Packet Tracer – Investigate a VLAN Implementation Answers
3.3.12 Packet Tracer – VLAN Configuration Answers
3.4.5 Packet Tracer – Configure Trunks Answers
3.4.6 Packet Tracer – Configure VLANs and Trunking – Physical Mode Answers
3.5.5 Packet Tracer – Configure DTP Answers
3.6.1 Packet Tracer – Implement VLANs and Trunking Answers
4.2.7 Packet Tracer – Configure Router-on-a-Stick Inter-VLAN Routing Answers
4.3.8 Packet Tracer – Configure Layer 3 Switching and Inter-VLAN Routing Answers
4.4.8 Packet Tracer – Troubleshoot Inter-VLAN Routing Answers
4.4.9 Packet Tracer – Troubleshoot Inter-VLAN Routing – Physical Mode Answers
4.5.1 Packet Tracer – Inter-VLAN Routing Challenge Answers
CCNA 1 SRWE v7.02 - Student Lab Answers & Solutions
1.1.7 Lab – Basic Switch Configuration Answers
1.6.2 Lab – Configure Basic Router Settings Answers
3.4.6 Lab – Configure VLANs and Trunking Answers
3.6.2 Lab – Implement VLANs and Trunking Answers
4.2.8 Lab – Configure Router-on-a-Stick Inter-VLAN Routing Answers
4.4.9 Lab – Troubleshoot Inter-VLAN Routing Answers
4.5.2 Lab – Implement Inter-VLAN Routing Answers
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