5.1.8 Packet Tracer – Configure Numbered Standard IPv4 ACLs Answers

Last Updated on July 22, 2021 by Admin

5.1.8 Packet Tracer – Configure Numbered Standard IPv4 ACLs Answers

Packet Tracer – Configure Numbered Standard IPv4 ACLs (Answers Version)

Answers Note: Red font color or gray highlights indicate text that appears in the instructor copy only.

Addressing Table

Device

Interface

IP Address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

R1

G0/0

192.168.10.1

255.255.255.0

N/A

R1

G0/1

192.168.11.1

255.255.255.0

N/A

R1

S0/0/0

10.1.1.1

255.255.255.252

N/A

R1

S0/0/1

10.3.3.1

255.255.255.252

N/A

R2

G0/0

192.168.20.1

255.255.255.0

N/A

R2

S0/0/0

10.1.1.2

255.255.255.252

N/A

R2

S0/0/1

10.2.2.1

255.255.255.252

N/A

R3

G0/0

192.168.30.1

255.255.255.0

N/A

R3

S0/0/0

10.3.3.2

255.255.255.252

N/A

R3

S0/0/1

10.2.2.2

255.255.255.252

N/A

PC1

NIC

192.168.10.10

255.255.255.0

192.168.10.1

PC2

NIC

192.168.11.10

255.255.255.0

192.168.11.1

PC3

NIC

192.168.30.10

255.255.255.0

192.168.30.1

WebServer

NIC

192.168.20.254

255.255.255.0

192.168.20.1

Objectives

Part 1: Plan an ACL Implementation

Part 2: Configure, Apply, and Verify a Standard ACL

Background / Scenario

Standard access control lists (ACLs) are router configuration scripts that control whether a router permits or denies packets based on the source address. This activity focuses on defining filtering criteria, configuring standard ACLs, applying ACLs to router interfaces, and verifying and testing the ACL implementation. The routers are already configured, including IP addresses and Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) routing.

Instructions

Part 1:  Plan an ACL Implementation

Step 1:  Investigate the current network configuration.

Before applying any ACLs to a network, it is important to confirm that you have full connectivity. Verify that the network has full connectivity by choosing a PC and pinging other devices on the network. You should be able to successfully ping every device.

Step 2:  Evaluate two network policies and plan ACL implementations.

  1. The following network policies are implemented on R2:
  • The 192.168.11.0/24 network is not allowed access to the WebServer on the 192.168.20.0/24 network.
  • All other access is permitted.

To restrict access from the 192.168.11.0/24 network to the WebServer at 192.168.20.254 without interfering with other traffic, an ACL must be created on R2. The access list must be placed on the outbound interface to the WebServer. A second rule must be created on R2 to permit all other traffic.

  1. The following network policies are implemented on R3:
  • The 192.168.10.0/24 network is not allowed to communicate with the 192.168.30.0/24 network.
  • All other access is permitted.

To restrict access from the 192.168.10.0/24 network to the 192.168.30/24 network without interfering with other traffic, an access list will need to be created on R3. The ACL must be placed on the outbound interface to PC3. A second rule must be created on R3 to permit all other traffic.

Part 2:  Configure, Apply, and Verify a Standard ACL

Step 1:  Configure and apply a numbered standard ACL on R2.

  1. Create an ACL using the number 1 on R2 with a statement that denies access to the 192.168.20.0/24 network from the 192.168.11.0/24 network.

Open configuration window

R2(config)# access-list 1 deny 192.168.11.0 0.0.0.255

  1. By default, an access list denies all traffic that does not match any rules. To permit all other traffic, configure the following statement:

R2(config)# access-list 1 permit any

  1. Before applying an access list to an interface to filter traffic, it is a best practice to review the contents of the access list, in order to verify that it will filter traffic as expected.

R2# show access-lists

Standard IP access list 1

10 deny 192.168.11.0 0.0.0.255

20 permit any

  1. For the ACL to actually filter traffic, it must be applied to some router operation. Apply the ACL by placing it for outbound traffic on the GigabitEthernet 0/0 interface.  Note:  In an actual operational network, it is not a good practice to apply an untested access list to an active interface.

R2(config)# interface GigabitEthernet0/0

R2(config-if)# ip access-group 1 out

Step 2:  Configure and apply a numbered standard ACL on R3.

  1. Create an ACL using the number 1 on R3 with a statement that denies access to the 192.168.30.0/24 network from the PC1 (192.168.10.0/24) network.

R3(config)# access-list 1 deny 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.255

  1. By default, an ACL denies all traffic that does not match any rules. To permit all other traffic, create a second rule for ACL 1.

R3(config)# access-list 1 permit any

  1. Verify that the access list is configured correctly.

R3# show access-lists

Standard IP access list 1

10 deny 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.255

20 permit any

  1. Apply the ACL by placing it for outbound traffic on the GigabitEthernet 0/0 interface.

R3(config)# interface GigabitEthernet0/0

R3(config-if)# ip access-group 1 out

Step 3:  Verify ACL configuration and functionality.

  1. Enter the show run or show ip interface gigabitethernet 0/0 command to verify the ACL placements.
  2. With the two ACLs in place, network traffic is restricted according to the policies detailed in Part 1. Use the following tests to verify the ACL implementations:
  • A ping from 192.168.10.10 to 192.168.11.10 succeeds.
  • A ping from 192.168.10.10 to 192.168.20.254 succeeds.
  • A ping from 192.168.11.10 to 192.168.20.254 fails.
  • A ping from 192.168.10.10 to 192.168.30.10 fails.
  • A ping from 192.168.11.10 to 192.168.30.10 succeeds.
  • A ping from 192.168.30.10 to 192.168.20.254 succeeds.
    1. Issue the show access-lists command again on routers R2 and R3.  You should see output that indicates the number of packets that have matched each line of the access list.  Note: The number of matches shown for your routers may be different, due to the number of pings that are sent and received.

R2# show access-lists

Standard IP access list 1

10 deny 192.168.11.0 0.0.0.255 (4 match(es))

20 permit any (8 match(es))

 

R3# show access-lists

Standard IP access list 1

10 deny 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.255 (4 match(es))

20 permit any (8 match(es))

Close configuration window

End of document

Answer Configurations

Router R2

enable

configure terminal

interface GigabitEthernet0/0

 ip access-group 1 out

access-list 1 deny 192.168.11.0 0.0.0.255

access-list 1 permit any

end

Router R3

enable

configure terminal

interface GigabitEthernet0/0

 ip access-group 1 out

access-list 1 deny 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.255

access-list 1 permit any

end

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