Last Updated on July 23, 2021 by InfraExam

312-50 : CEH Certified Ethical Hacker (312-50v9) : Part 23

  1. One of the Forbes 500 companies has been subjected to a large scale attack. You are one of the shortlisted pen testers that they may hire. During the interview with the CIO, he emphasized that he wants to totally eliminate all risks. What is one of the first things you should do when hired?

    • Interview all employees in the company to rule out possible insider threats.
    • Establish attribution to suspected attackers.
    • Explain to the CIO that you cannot eliminate all risk, but you will be able to reduce risk to acceptable levels.
    • Start the Wireshark application to start sniffing network traffic.
  2. Which of the following is an NMAP script that could help detect HTTP Methods such as GET, POST, HEAD, PUT, DELETE, TRACE?

    • http-git
    • http-headers
    • http enum
    • http-methods
  3. Which of the following is the most important phase of ethical hacking wherein you need to spend considerable amount of time?

    • Gaining access
    • Escalating privileges
    • Network mapping
    • Footprinting
  4. It is a short-range wireless communication technology that allows mobile phones, computers and other devices to connect and communicate. This technology intends to replace cables connecting portable devices with high regards to security.

    • Bluetooth
    • Radio-Frequency Identification
    • WLAN
    • InfraRed
  5. Matthew received an email with an attachment named “YouWon$10Grand.zip.” The zip file contains a file named “HowToClaimYourPrize.docx.exe.” Out of excitement and curiosity, Matthew opened the said file. Without his knowledge, the file copies itself to Matthew’s APPDATA\IocaI directory and begins to beacon to a Command-and-control server to download additional malicious binaries. What type of malware has Matthew encountered?

    • Key-logger
    • Trojan
    • Worm
    • Macro Virus
  6. Which among the following is a Windows command that a hacker can use to list all the shares to which the current user context has access?

    • NET FILE
    • NET USE
    • NET CONFIG
    • NET VIEW
  7. What is the approximate cost of replacement and recovery operation per year of a hard drive that has a value of $300 given that the technician who charges $10/hr would need 10 hours to restore OS and Software and needs further 4 hours to restore the database from the last backup to the new hard disk? Calculate the SLE, ARO, and ALE. Assume the EF = 1 (100%).

    • $440
    • $100
    • $1320
    • $146
  8. Knowing the nature of backup tapes, which of the following is the MOST RECOMMENDED way of storing backup tapes?

    • In a cool dry environment
    • Inside the data center for faster retrieval in a fireproof safe
    • In a climate controlled facility offsite
    • On a different floor in the same building
  9. Which of the following tools would MOST LIKELY be used to perform security audit on various of forms of network systems?

    • Intrusion Detection System
    • Vulnerability scanner
    • Port scanner
    • Protocol analyzer
  10. Security and privacy of/on information systems are two entities that requires lawful regulations. Which of the following regulations defines security and privacy controls for Federal information systems and organizations?

    • NIST SP 800-53
    • PCI-DSS
    • EU Safe Harbor
    • HIPAA
  11. A big company, who wanted to test their security infrastructure, wants to hire elite pen testers like you. During the interview, they asked you to show sample reports from previous penetration tests. What should you do?

    • Share reports, after NDA is signed
    • Share full reports, not redacted
    • Decline but, provide references
    • Share full reports with redactions
  12. You are about to be hired by a well known Bank to perform penetration tests. Which of the following documents describes the specifics of the testing, the associated violations, and essentially protects both the bank’s interest and your liabilities as a tester?

    • Service Level Agreement
    • Non-Disclosure Agreement
    • Terms of Engagement
    • Project Scope
  13. The practical realities facing organizations today make risk response strategies essential. Which of the following is NOT one of the five basic responses to risk?

    • Accept
    • Mitigate
    • Delegate
    • Avoid
  14. A company recently hired your team of Ethical Hackers to test the security of their network systems. The company wants to have the attack be as realistic as possible. They did not provide any information besides the name of their company. What phase of security testing would your team jump in right away?

    • Scanning
    • Reconnaissance
    • Escalation
    • Enumeration
  15. TCP/IP stack fingerprinting is the passive collection of configuration attributes from a remote device during standard layer 4 network communications. Which of the following tools can be used for passive OS fingerprinting?

    • nmap
    • ping
    • tracert
    • tcpdump
  16. The chance of a hard drive failure is known to be once every four years. The cost of a new hard drive is $500. EF (Exposure Factor) is about 0.5. Calculate for the Annualized Loss Expectancy (ALE).

    • $62.5
    • $250
    • $125
    • $65.2
  17. Backing up data is a security must. However, it also have certain level of risks when mishandled. Which of the following is the greatest threat posed by backups?

    • A backup is the source of Malware or illicit information
    • A backup is incomplete because no verification was performed
    • A backup is unavailable during disaster recovery
    • An unencrypted backup can be misplaced or stolen
  18. What kind of risk will remain even if all theoretically possible safety measures would be applied?

    • Residual risk
    • Inherent risk
    • Impact risk
    • Deferred risk
  19. While doing a Black box pen test via the TCP port (80), you noticed that the traffic gets blocked when you tried to pass IRC traffic from a web enabled host. However, you also noticed that outbound HTTP traffic is being allowed. What type of firewall is being utilized for the outbound traffic?

    • Stateful
    • Application
    • Circuit
    • Packet Filtering
  20. It is a widely used standard for message logging. It permits separation of the software that generates messages, the system that stores them, and the software that reports and analyzes them. This protocol is specifically designed for transporting event messages. Which of the following is being described?

    • SNMP
    • ICMP
    • SYSLOG
    • SMS