Last Updated on June 14, 2021 by Admin

Chapter 2 Quiz Answers – ITC 2.12

  1. In what way are zombies used in security attacks?

    • They probe a group of machines for open ports to learn which services are running.
    • They are maliciously formed code segments used to replace legitimate applications.
    • They target specific individuals to gain corporate or personal information.
    • They are infected machines that carry out a DDoS attack.
      Answers Explanation & Hints:

      Zombies are infected computers that make up a botnet. The zombies are used to deploy a distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack.

  2. What is the primary goal of a DoS attack?

    • to prevent the target server from being able to handle additional requests
    • to scan the data on the target server
    • to obtain all addresses in the address book within the server
    • to facilitate access to external networks
      Answers Explanation & Hints:

      A denial of service (DoS) attack attempts to overwhelm a system or process by sending large amounts of data or requests to the target. The goal is to keep the system so overwhelmed handling false requests that it is unable to respond to legitimate ones.

  3. Which two characteristics describe a worm? (Choose two.)

    • is self-replicating
    • executes when software is run on a computer
    • hides in a dormant state until needed by an attacker
    • travels to new computers without any intervention or knowledge of the user
    • infects computers by attaching to software code
      Answers Explanation & Hints:

      Worms are self-replicating pieces of software that consume bandwidth on a network as they propagate from system to system. They do not require a host application, unlike a virus. Viruses, on the other hand, carry executable malicious code which harms the target machine on which they reside.

  4. What is the most common goal of search engine optimization (SEO) poisoning?

    • to increase web traffic to malicious sites
    • to overwhelm a network device with maliciously formed packets
    • to build a botnet of zombies
    • to trick someone into installing malware or divulging personal information
      Answers Explanation & Hints:

      A malicious user could create a SEO so that a malicious website appears higher in search results. The malicious website commonly contains malware or is used to obtain information via social engineering techniques.

  5. Which tool is used to provide a list of open ports on network devices?

    • Tracert
    • Ping
    • Nmap
    • Whois
      Answers Explanation & Hints:

      The Nmap tool is a port scanner that is used to determine which ports are open on a particular network device. A port scanner is used before launching an attack.

  6. Which type of attack allows an attacker to use a brute force approach?

    Chapter 2 Quiz Answers - IoC 01
    Chapter 2 Quiz Answers – IoC 01
    • password cracking
    • denial of service
    • packet sniffing
    • social engineering
      Answers Explanation & Hints:

      Common ways used to crack Wi-Fi passwords include social engineering, brute-force attacks, and network sniffing.

  7. What is the purpose of a rootkit?

    • to replicate itself independently of any other programs
    • to gain privileged access to a device while concealing itself
    • to masquerade as a legitimate program
    • to deliver advertisements without user consent
      Answers Explanation & Hints:

      Malware can be classified as follows:

      – Virus (self replicates by attaching to another program or file)
      – Worm (replicates independently of another program)
      – Trojan Horse (masquerades as a legitimate file or program)
      – Rootkit (gains privileged access to a machine while concealing itself)
      – Spyware (collects information from a target system)
      – Adware (delivers advertisements with or without consent)
      – Bot (waits for commands from the hacker)
      – Ransomware (holds a computer system or data captive until payment is received)ent)
      The correct answer is: to gain privileged access to a device while concealing itself

  8. Which example illustrates how malware might be concealed?

    Chapter 2 Quiz Answers - IoC 02
    Chapter 2 Quiz Answers – IoC 02
    • An attack is launched against the public website of an online retailer with the objective of blocking its response to visitors.
    • A botnet of zombies carry personal information back to the hacker.
    • An email is sent to the employees of an organization with an attachment that looks like an antivirus update, but the attachment actually consists of spyware.
    • A hacker uses techniques to improve the ranking of a website so that users are redirected to a malicious site.
      Answers Explanation & Hints:

      An email attachment that appears as valid software but actually contains spyware shows how malware might be concealed. An attack to block access to a website is a DoS attack. A hacker uses search engine optimization (SEO) poisoning  to improve the ranking of a website so that users are directed to a malicious site that hosts malware or uses social engineering methods to obtain information. A botnet of zombie computers is used to launch a DDoS attack.
      The correct answer is: An email is sent to the employees of an organization with an attachment that looks like an antivirus update, but the attachment actually consists of spyware.

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