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Match the definition to the Microsoft Windows term. (Not all options are used.)

Match the definition to the Microsoft Windows term 01
Match the definition to the Microsoft Windows term 01
  • runs in the background to support the operating system and applications ==> service
  • instructions executed by the processor ==> thread
  • a currently executing program ==> process

Explanation & Hint:

  1. Process: A process in Windows is an instance of a computer program that is being executed. It contains the program code and its current activity. Depending on the operating system (OS), a process may be made up of multiple threads of execution that execute instructions concurrently.
  2. Registry: The Windows Registry is a hierarchical database that stores low-level settings for the Microsoft Windows operating system and for applications that opt to use the Registry. The kernel, device drivers, services, Security Accounts Manager, and user interface can all use the Registry. The Registry also allows access to counters for profiling system performance.
  3. Service: In Windows, a service is a computer program that operates in the background and provides support to other programs, particularly at the OS level. Services often provide core operating system features, such as web serving, event logging, or file serving. Services can be configured to start automatically at boot, can be paused and restarted, and do not show any user interface.
  4. Thread: A thread is the smallest sequence of programmed instructions that can be managed independently by a scheduler, which is typically a part of the operating system. Multiple threads can exist within the same process and share resources such as memory, while different processes do not share these resources. In particular, threads of a process share its executable code and the values of its variables at any given time.

For more Questions and Answers:

CyberOps Associate (200-201) Certification Practice Exam Answers Full 100%

 

Match the definition to the Microsoft Windows term. (Not all options are used.)

Match the definition to the Microsoft Windows term 02
Match the definition to the Microsoft Windows term 02
  • database of hardware, software, users, and settings ==> registry
  • used to manage remote computers ==> WMI
  • provides access needed by the user space process ==> handle

Explanation & Hint:

  1. Database of hardware, software, users, and settings: This likely refers to the Windows Registry, which is a centralized database that Windows uses to store information about the system’s configuration. It keeps track of settings for the operating system, installed software, the system hardware, and user profiles.
  2. Used to manage remote computers: This might refer to Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI), which is a set of specifications from Microsoft for consolidating the management of devices and applications in a network from Windows computing systems.
  3. Provides access needed by the user space process: This is probably referring to a Handle. In Windows, a handle is an abstract reference or pointer to a resource that is used by the operating system to track resources like files, windows, sockets, or any other system resource. Handles are used by programs to access these resources. They are granted by the operating system to the program and are used by the program to refer to the resources.
  4. Thread: A thread in computing is the smallest sequence of programmed instructions that can be managed independently by the operating system scheduler. In Windows, a thread is part of a process, and multiple threads can be executing concurrently within the same process.
  5. WMI: Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) is the infrastructure for management data and operations on Windows-based operating systems. WMI is used for accessing management information in an enterprise environment.

For more Questions and Answers:

CyberOps Associate (200-201) Certification Practice Exam Answers Full 100%

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