Last Updated on July 29, 2021 by InfraExam
98-365 : Windows Server Administration Fundamentals : Part 01
Users report that they are unable to print. You verify that the print spooler service is running.
What should you do next?
- Purge the service
- Disable the service
- Pause the service
- Restart the service
You need to automate the installation of Windows Server 2016 on several servers.
What should you use?
- Microsoft Software Installer (MSI)
- Windows Installer Service
- Windows Deployment Services (WDS)
Windows Deployment Services is the updated and redesigned version of Remote Installation Services (RIS). Windows Deployment Services enables you to deploy Windows operating systems over the network, which means that you do not have to install each operating system directly from a CD or DVD.
Plug and Play is a/an:
- Automatic device configuration system.
- Automatic system update application.
- Method used by developers to create applications.
- Multimedia device.
The system partition on a Windows Server must always be installed to a:
- Dynamic disk.
- Simple volume.
- NTFS volume.
- FAT32 volume.
You need to limit what a service can access. You should change the service’s:
- Startup type
- Logon options
Services that are required to enable another service to run are referred to as service:
Some services have dependency services that do not start until their dependency services start first.
Which two specifications are included in Microsoft’s hardware requirements for Windows Server? (Choose two.)
- USB ports
- Processor speed
- Disk I/O
System Requirements for Windows Server 2016 with Desktop Experience:
– CPU socket
1.4 GHz (64-bit processor) or faster for single core
– Memory (RAM)
– Hard disk
60 GB system partition
You are using the Services Management Console.
Which term is used to describe a service that is running?
You need to install storage device drivers for a Windows boot partition.
When should you do this?
- After you have started Windows for the first time
- Before creation of the RAID array
- During the post-boot phase
- During the installation phase
During the first phase of the Windows Server installation, Setup displays an option to install a storage driver.
Which type of additional drivers does the Windows 10 installation phase prompt for?
You might be prompted for the mass storage device driver.
When installing Windows 10, you might see one of the following error messages:
You need to install a driver. Where should you get the driver?
- The Task Manager
- The device manufacturer
- The system firmware
- The Hardware Compatibility List
The device manufacturer should provide a driver.
Users report that they are unable to print. What should you do first?
- Verify that the Print Spooler Service is running.
- Pause the Print Spooler service.
- Restart the Print Spooler service.
- Disable the Print Spooler Service.
You should first check that Print Spooler Service is running. If the Print Spooler Service is not running, users will not be able to print. If the service is not running, you should start it.
What are three benefits of performing a Server Core installation of Windows Server 2016? (Choose three.)
- Option to upgrade to a Server with Desktop Experience
- Reduced maintenance
- Reduced attack vulnerability
- Enhanced installation GUI
- Lower disk space requirement
Benefits of Server Core:
A small law firm hires you to set up its first file server. You decide to install Windows Server 2016 on a custom-built computer purchased from a local computer supplier. Early in the process, the installation prompts for storage drivers.
What are two possible ways to provide the drivers to the installation process? (Choose two.)
- Download the drivers, save them to the original installation DVD disk, and restart the installation process.
- Point the installation to a URL on the manufacturer’s website.
- Place them in the root directory of a USB flash drive and insert the flash drive into a USB port.
- Burn them to a blank CD and insert it in place of the installation disk.
You need a way of loading the drivers during the installation. The drivers need to be local to the server so they can either be on a USB drive of a CD. When prompted for the driver, insert the USB drive or CD.
Which of the following statements are true about a device driver? Each correct answer represents a complete solution. Choose all that apply.
- Device drivers are software-dependent and do not depend on operating systems.
- It allows higher-level computer programs to interact with a hardware device.
- It is a program or software that controls a particular device.
- It works as a translator between the device and the operating system and programs that use the device.
A device driver is a program or software that controls a particular device. It works as a translator between the device and the operating system and programs that use the device. It provides an interface between a hardware device and operating systems and application software.
It allows higher-level computer programs to interact with a hardware device. When an application needs data from a device, it requests the data from OS, which in turn, send a command request to the device driver.
Drivers are hardware-dependent and operating-system-specific. They usually provide the interrupt handling required for any necessary asynchronous time-dependent hardware interface.
You work as a Server Administrator for company Inc. The company has deployed Windows Server 2016 for the deployment of workstations and servers.
You need to service Windows images offline before the deployment.
Which of the following tools will you use to accomplish the task?
In order to accomplish the task, you should use DISM. DISM stands for Deployment Image Servicing and Management.
DISM is a command-line tool used to service Windows images offline before deployment. This tool is also used to install, uninstall, configure, and update Windows features, packages, drivers, and international settings. DISM is also distributed in the Windows OEM Preinstallation Kit and the Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit (Windows ADK).
It has replaced several Windows OPK tools, including PEimg, Intlcfg, and Package Manager.
A: BootSect is used to restore the boot sector on a computer.
C: BCDEdit is a command-line tool for managing BCD stores.
It can be used for creating new stores, modifying existing stores, adding boot menu options, etc. BCDEdit replaces Bootcfg.exe, which was used with earlier versions of Windows.
BCDEdit has two major benefits:
It exposes a wider range of boot options.
It has improved scripting support.
Some of the important commands are listed in the table below:
D: BCDBoot is used to quickly set up a system partition or to repair the boot environment located on the system partition.
Mark works as a Network Administrator for NetTech Inc. The company has a Windows Server 2016 domain-based network. The network contains 3 Windows Server 2016 and 100 Windows 10 client computers.
Mark wants to add a device driver to the booted Windows PE image.
Which of the following tools will he use to accomplish the task?
The Drvload tool is used to add out-of-box drivers to a booted Windows PE image. It takes .inf files as input. The PEImg tool is used to add a driver to an offline image. The syntax of the Drvload tool is as follows:
drvload.exe inf_path [,inf_path […]] [/?]
The command-line options of Drvload are as follows:
1./?: It is used to display the usage information. 2.inf_path: It is used to specify the path to the .inf file.
B: PEimg (PEimg.exe) is a command-line tool that is used to create and modify the Windows PE images offline. It is also used to add new device drivers to the Windows PE images offline.
C: LDIFDE is a command-line tool used to create, modify, and delete objects on a computer. It is also used to extend the schema, export Active Directory user and group information to other applications or services, and populate Active Directory with data from other directory services. It is extensively used by administrators to script operations at the command line.
D: The Virtual Server Migration Toolkit (VSMT), a command-line-based tool provided by Windows Server 2016, is used to migrate existing servers in the network environment to a virtualized partition of Windows Server 2016. VSMT has been specially designed for administrators to handle small number of servers that needs to be virtualized. It however, cannot be used to manage these servers. It uses XML files to store configuration data during the migration process. The tool is compatible with both the Hyper-V and the Virtual Server 2005 R2.
You install a sound driver on a system running Windows Server 2016.
After finishing installation, you find that the sound driver is not working.
Which of the following will you check to verify whether the driver is properly installed or not?
- Control panel
- Server Manager console
- Computer Management console
- Device Manager
In order to verify whether the sound driver is properly installed or not, you should check Device Manager.
Device Manager is a Windows utility used to manage devices on a computer. It provides a graphical view of the hardware installed on a computer and marks malfunctioning devices or hardware. Using Device Manager, users can view and change device properties, update device drivers, configure device settings, and uninstall devices. The Device Manager is organized in a tree format with the top branches representing device categories. Using Device Manager, users can also enable or disable a device.
A: The control panel is a part of the Microsoft Windows graphical user interface, which allows users to view and manipulate basic system settings and controls via applets, such as adding hardware, adding and removing software, controlling user accounts, and changing accessibility options. In recent versions of Windows, the Control Panel has two views, i.e., Classic View and Category View, and it is possible to switch between these through an option that appears on the left side of the window.
B: Server Manager is a primary tool available in Windows Server 2016. It manages and secures multiple server roles in an enterprise.
C: Computer Management is a collection of Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-ins, including the Device Manager, Disk Defragmenter, Internet Information Services, Disk Management, Event Viewer, Local Users and Groups, Shared Folders, and other tools. Computer Management is the most prolific MCC that appears in the Administrative Tools folder in the Control Panel. Computer Management can also be pointed at another Windows machine altogether, allowing for monitoring and configuration of other computers on the local network that the user has access to.
David works as a System Administrator for company Inc. The company has a Windows Server 2016 domain-based network. David uses Microsoft Deployment Toolkit (MDT) 2013 for preparing a deployment.
He wants to mount a virtual hard disk (.vhd) file offline and service it just like a Windows image file.
Which of the following will David use to accomplish the task?
- Windows Preinstallation Environment (Windows PE)
- SYSPREP tool
DiskPart is used to mount a virtual hard disk (.vhd) file offline and service it just like a Windows image file.
A: Windows Preinstallation Environment (Windows PE) is defined as a 32-bit operating system that contains limited services. It is built on the Windows Vista kernel and is used to provide the minimal set of features required to run Windows Setup, access and install operating systems from the network, script basic repetitive tasks, and validate hardware.
B: ImageX is defined as a command-line tool that is used to capture, modify, and apply installation images for deployment in a large environment. It uses the Microsoft Windows Imaging Format (WIM) image format and can be used to capture a volume to a WIM file and to apply a WIM file to a volume. ImageX is deprecated in Windows Server 2016.
D: The SYSPREP tool can be used to prepare an image of a hard disk of a computer that runs the Windows operating system so that it can be deployed to various destination computers. It is used to prepare the computer by cleaning various user and machine settings and log files.
You work as a System Administrator for company Inc. The company has a Windows 2016 Active Directory network. The company purchases twenty new computers.
The management instructs you to deploy Windows Server 2016 on all the new computers. You install Windows PE on all computers. You want to control whether a customized shell is loaded in Windows PE instead of the default Command Prompt window.
Which of the following commands will you use to accomplish the task?
Winpeshl is used to control whether a customized shell is loaded in Windows PE in place of the default Command Prompt window. In order to load a customized shell, create a file named Winpeshl.ini and put it in %SYSTEMROOT%\System32 of the customized Windows PE image.
A: Wpeinit is a command-line tool that is used to initialize Windows PE each time it boots. When Windows PE starts, Winpeshl.exe executes Starnet.cmd, which launches Wpeinit.exe. Wpeinit replaces the initialization function previously supported in Factory.exe – winpe. Wpeinit saves the log messages to C:\Windows\system32\wpeinit.log.
Wpeinit can be executed manually from a Windows PE Command Prompt window to process a custom answer file. Wpeinit.exe accepts one option called –unattend.
The parameter can be specified in one of the following four ways:
1. wpeinit –unattend=<path\unattend>
2. wpeinit –unattend:<path\unattend>
3. wpeinit /unattend=<path\unattend>
4. wpeinit /unattend:<path\unattend>
C: Windows PE utility (Wpeutil) is command-line tool that is used to run various commands in a Windows PE session. It enables a user to shutdown or restart Windows PE, enable or disable a firewall, set language settings, and initialize a network.
For example, the following commands can be executed:
– Wpeutil shutdown
– Wpeutil enablefirewall
– Wpeutil reboot
D: Oscdimg is a command-line tool used to create an image file of a customized 32-bit or 64-bit version of Windows PE.