Last Updated on July 29, 2021 by InfraExam
98-365 : Windows Server Administration Fundamentals : Part 02
Mark works as a Network Administrator for Net Tech Inc. The company has a Windows Server 2016 domain-based network. The network contains 3 Windows Server 2016 and 100 Windows 10 client computers.
Mark wants to modify an online image using the DISM tool.
Which of the following modifications will he be able to do in the image? Each correct answer represents a complete solution. Choose three.
- Change the currently active user interface language.
- Disable an operating system feature.
- Add a new device driver to the image.
- Add a language pack to the image.
Mark can make the following changes in an online image using the DISM tool:
– Disable an operating system feature.
– Add a new device driver to the image
– Add a language pack to the image.
Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM) is a command line tool, which is used to service a Windows image or to manage a Windows Preinstallation Environment (Windows PE) image.
A: The currently active user interface cannot be changed in an online image using the DISM tool.
Which of the following statements best describe the benefits of using the Sysprep tool in Windows Server 2016? Each correct answer represents a complete solution. (Choose three.)
- It configures Windows Server 2016 to boot to Audit mode.
- It removes system-specific data from Windows Server 2016.
- It resets Windows Server 2016 Product Activation.
- It verifies that an unattended answer file actually produces the desired result.
The benefits of using Sysprep in Windows Server 2016 are as follows:
– It removes system-specific data from Windows Server 2016.
– It configures Windows Server 2016 to boot to Audit mode.
– It configures Windows Server 2016 to boot to Windows Welcome.
– It resets Windows Server 2016 Product Activation.
D: By using Windows SIM, administrators can verify that an unattended answer file actually produces the desired result.
You work as a System Administrator for company Inc. The task of setting up ten servers and twenty workstations per specification is assigned to you. If you set up each individually, it will take approximately one week to accomplish the task. You do not want to waste so much time for this.
What will you do?
- Use Windows PowerShell.
- Use Server Manager.
- Use Windows Deployment Services.
- Use Computer Management console.
In order to save your time and to successfully accomplish the assigned task, you should use Windows Deployment Services.
Windows DS is used to install operating systems to set up new computers through a network without having to be physically present at each computer and without having to install directly from a CD or DVD. Windows DS is commonly used to deploy Windows operating systems in large to medium size business environment computers.
A: Windows PowerShell is an extensible command-line tool and associated scripting language. It provides administrators comprehensive control and automation of system administration tasks to increase their productivity. It integrates with the Microsoft .NET Framework and provides an environment to perform administrative tasks by execution of commands. It includes many system administration utilities, consistent syntax and naming conventions, and improved navigation of common management data such as the registry, certificate store, or Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI). Windows PowerShell also includes a scripting language specifically designed for administrative purposes.
B: Server Manager is a primary tool available in Windows Server 2016. It manages and secures multiple server roles in an enterprise. The Server Manager console allows an administrator to perform the following tasks:
Install Windows Server roles and features. View the Event Viewer logs.
Access performance monitoring tools, Device Manager, Task Scheduler, Windows Firewall with Advanced Security, Services, Local Users and Groups, Windows Server Backup, and Disk management.
D: Computer Management is a collection of Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-ins, including the Device Manager, Disk Defragmenter, Internet Information Services, Disk Management, Event Viewer, Local Users and Groups, Shared Folders, and other tools. Computer Management is the most prolific MCC that appears in the Administrative Tools folder in the Control Panel. Computer Management can also be pointed at another Windows machine altogether, allowing for monitoring and configuration of other computers on the local network that the user has access to.
As part of the configuration process, Windows assigns a number of system resources to the device being installed to ensure that the device operates simultaneously with the other expansion cards.
Which of these system resources do not involve the processor?
- Input/output (I/O) port addresses
- Direct memory access (DMA) channels
- Memory address ranges
- Interrupt request (IRQ) line numbers
As part of the configuration process, Windows assigns the following system resources to the device being installed to ensure that the device operates simultaneously with the other expansion cards:
– Interrupt request (IRQ) line numbers: It is a signal sent by a device for obtaining the attention of the processor when the device is ready to receive or send information.
– A unique IRQ number must be assigned to each device.
– Direct memory access (DMA) channels: These are the memory access channels that do not involve the processor.
– Input/output (I/O) port addresses: It is a channel through which transfer of data takes place between a device and the processor.
– Memory address ranges: These are portions of computer memory that are allocated to a device and can be used by a program or the operating system. All devices are generally allocated a range of memory addresses.
Which of the following administrative tools will you use to set up recovery actions that take place when a service fails and to create custom names and descriptions for services so that they can be easily identified?
- Component Services
- Computer Management
- System Configuration
You should use Services to set up recovery actions that take place when a service fails and to create custom names and descriptions for services so that they can be easily identified. It manages services on computers.
A: Component Services is used to deploy and administer COM+ programs from a GUI interface and automate administrative tasks using a scripting or programming language.
C: Computer Management is used to manage local computers or remote computers from a single, consolidated desktop utility.
D: System Configuration is used to identify issues that can affect Windows performance.
You work as a System Administrator for company Inc. The company has a Windows 2016 Active Directory network. The company purchases twenty new computers. The management instructs you to deploy Windows Server 2016 on all the new computers.
You install Windows PE on all the computers. You want to set language settings and initialize a new network.
Which of the following commands will you use to accomplish the task?
In order to accomplish the task, you should use the Wpeutil command.
Windows PE utility (Wpeutil) is a command-line tool that is used to run various commands in a Windows PE session. It enables a user to shutdown or restart Windows PE, enable or disable a
firewall, set language settings, and initialize a network. For example, the following commands can be executed:
– Wpeutil shutdown
– Wpeutil enablefirewall
– Wpeutil reboot
A: The Drvload tool is used to add out-of-box drivers to an online Windows Preinstallation Environment (Windows PE) 3.0 image. This tool takes one or more driver .inf files as inputs. In order to add a driver to an offline Windows PE image, the DISM tool is used.
B: Oscdimg is a command-line tool used to create an image file of a customized 32-bit or 64-bit version of Windows PE.
C: BCDEdit is a command-line tool for managing BCD stores. It can be used for creating new stores, modifying existing stores, adding boot menu options, etc.
BCDEdit replaces Bootcfg.exe, which was used with earlier versions of Windows. BCDEdit has two major benefits:
It exposes a wider range of boot options.
It has improved scripting support.
Some of the important commands are listed in the table below:
You work as Desktop Support Technician in company Inc. You are planning to deploy a Windows 10 Image to a computer. You want to deploy the image using WDS.
On which of the following computers should you install WDS? Each correct answer represents a complete solution. Choose all that apply.
- Windows Server 2012 R2
- Windows Server 2016
- Windows 10 Pro
- Windows 10 Enterprise
You should install WDS on a server running Windows Server 2012 R2 or Windows Server 2016 to use it to distribute Windows 10 images.
WDS stands for Windows Deployment Services.
It allows an administrator to remotely install Windows operating system on client computers that have a PXE-capable network adapter installed. The WDS server must be configured with Preboot Execution Environment (PXE) boot files, images to be installed on client computers, and an answer file.
Which of the following methods will you use to automate the deployment of Windows Server 2016 and NLB cluster hosts? Each correct answer represents a complete solution. (Choose three.)
- Windows SIM
- Windows DS
- Unattended installation
In order to automate the deployment of Windows Server 2016 and NLB cluster hosts, you should use one of the following methods:
– Windows DS
– Unattended installation
A: This method cannot be used to automate the deployment of Windows Server 2016 and NLB cluster hosts.
You have created a cloned copy of Windows Server 2016 and applied this cloned copy to multiple computers.
Each cloned copy of Windows uses the same image with the same parameters, including the computer name and security identifier. For these computers to operate properly without conflicting on a network, all parameters should be unique.
What will you do to overcome this problem?
- Restart the computers.
- Run msconfig.exe.
- Use the Sysprep tool.
- Use Windows System Image Manager.
To overcome the given problem, you should run Sysprep (system preparation tool). When you use the Sysprep tool, it removes security identifiers (SIDs) and all other user-specific or computer- specific information from the computer before you run the disk cloning software to make the cloned disk image.
You work as a System Administrator for company Inc. You have to set up five servers and ten workstations per specification. Your organization uses Windows Deployment Services whenever a new workstation or server is set up.
You want to automate the installations with as little human interaction as possible.
Which of the following will you use to accomplish the task?
- System Preparation Tool 3.14
- Setup Manager
- Windows System Image Manager
In order to accomplish the task, you should use Windows System Image Manager. Windows System Image Manager (Windows SIM) is a Windows Server 2016 tool to create Windows Server 2016 answer files. It saves unattended answer files in XML format. By using Windows SIM, administrators can verify that an unattended answer file actually produces the desired result.
Windows SIM is included with the Windows Automated Installation Kit (Windows AIK). The answer file automatically provides the answers to the setup question: configures and installs necessary software during the installation process.
A: ImageX is a command-line tool that captures, modifies, and applies installation images for deployment in a large environment. ImageX uses the Microsoft Windows Imaging Format (WIM) image format. ImageX captures a volume to a WIM file and applies a WIM file to a volume.
B: System Preparation Tool 3.14 (SYSPREP) is used to capture an image of the reference computer so that it can be used on multiple client computers. SYSPREP 3.14 allows administrators to duplicate a custom image of the Windows Sever 2008/Vista/Windows 10 installation from a master computer to the destination computers. The SYSPREP tool can be found in the % SystemRoot%\System32\Syseprep folder of the Windows Vista or Windows Server 2016 installation.
C: The Setup Manager tool can be used to create an answer file and to configure a limited number of answer file settings. It is included in the DEPLOY.CAB file in the Support folder on the Windows Server 2003 operating system CD. Setup Manager is used only with the Windows XP Professional or Windows Server 2003 operating systems to create answer files for unattended installations.
You work as a System Administrator for company Inc. You have deployed a workstation and roll it out to production, but you find some issues with the video display.
The display worked in the beginning when you first set up the system. The video has degraded to standard VGA 640×800 and its performance is badly affected after applying several system and driver updates.
What is the most likely cause of this issue?
- The video adapter is not properly placed on the system board.
- The video card is not enabled on the system.
- You need to upgrade RAM according to the video driver.
- You have installed an unsigned video driver.
In the given scenario, the video problem occurred because of the installation of an unsigned video driver. For better performance, you should always use a device driver that is signed by Microsoft. Unsigned drivers are not compatible with all systems. They may be poorly written and may include viruses or malware.
A, B: If the video adapter is not properly placed on the system board or the video card is not enabled, you do not get the video clip in the beginning when you first set up the system.
C: It is not required to upgrade RAM.
Which of the following provides a minimum server environment?
- Windows PE
- BareMetal Server
- Server Core
You work as a Network Administrator for Bluewell Inc. The company has decided to install a version of Windows Server 2016 Server Core onto a new machine. Your manager has asked you for a list of the server roles that can be installed on a Server Core installation.
Choose the server roles from the column below that can be installed on the Server Core installation.Explanation:
Following is the list of server roles that can be installed on a machine with the help of Windows Server 2016 Server Core installation:
Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS): It allows administrators to perform routine maintenance tasks on domain controllers without affecting the required services (for example, DHCP).
Active Directory Lightweight Directory Service (ADLDS): This is a Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) directory service. It provides the Active Directory services to directory-enabled applications. It provides Active Directory Domain Services without requiring the deployment of domains or domain controllers.
DHCP Server: This server is used for running the DHCP services. DHCP is the server on the network that assigns TCP/IP information to your computer dynamically.
DNS Server: DNS Server has the DNS services running on it. DNS is a named resolution service which turns hostname into TCP/IP address (process known as Forward Looping). DNS also has the ability to turn a TCP/IP address into a name (known as reverse looping).
Hyper-V: Windows Server 2016 Hyper-V is a server virtualization technology. Hyper-V allows users to configure multiple server roles on a single computer as virtual machines (VMs). Hyper-V enables users to run multiple, different operating systems such as Windows, Linux, etc., in parallel on a computer.
Web Server IIS: Microsoft Internet Information Server (IIS) is a Web and application server for the Internet and private intranets. IIS receives requests from users on the network using the World Wide Web (WWW) service and transmits information using the Hypertext Transport Protocol (HTTP). IIS uses Microsoft Transaction Server (MTS) to provide security, performance, and scalability with server side packages.
What program should you run if you decide to clone a hard drive of Windows Server 2016?
If you create a cloned copy of Windows and apply it to multiple computers, each copy cloned to a target computer using the same image has the same parameters, including computer name and security identifier (SID).
To overcome this problem, run the system preparation tool (sysprep), which removes the security identifiers and all other user-specific or computer-specific information from the computer before you run the disk-cloning software to make the cloned disk image.
What type of installation requires little interaction?
- unattended installation
- pre-build installation
- deployment installation
- hands-off installation
An unattended installation requires little interaction to install. To perform an unattended installation of Windows, use an answer file, an XML file that stores the answers for a series of graphical user interface (GUI) dialog boxes.
What technology allows you to perform network-based unattended installation of Windows operating systems, including Windows Server 2016?
Windows Deployment Services (WDS) is a Microsoft technology for network-based installation of Windows operating systems.
You can fully automate and customize the deployment of Windows through the use of unattended installation scripting files.
Which of the following image file formats can be deployed using Windows Server 2016? (Choose three.)
Windows Server 2016 WDS supports WIM, VHD and VHDX files.
What type of driver is tested and includes a digital certificate?
A signed device driver includes a digital signature, which is an electronic security mark that can indicate the software publisher and information that can show whether a driver has been altered. When Microsoft signs it, the driver has been thoroughly tested to ensure that it will not cause problems with the system’s reliability or cause a security problem.
Which of the following is true about drivers and Windows Server 2016?
- Drivers must be signed.
- Drivers must be registered by the PnP Society.
- Drivers must include 32-bit and 64-bit support.
- Drivers must be multilingual.
Drivers included on the Windows installation DVD or downloaded from Microsoft’s update website are digitally signed. A driver that lacks a valid digital signature or was altered after it was signed cannot be installed on 64-bit versions of Windows. If you have problems with a device driver, download only drivers that are from Microsoft’s update website or the manufacturer’s website.
For each of the following statements, select Yes if the statement is true. Otherwise, select No.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.