Last Updated on November 21, 2023 by InfraExam
What describes the concept of small changes in data causing a large change in the hash algorithm output?
- butterfly effect
- Fibonacci effect
- keyed effect
- avalanche effect
|Explanation & Hint:
The concept of small changes in data causing a large change in the hash algorithm output is known as the:
In cryptography, the avalanche effect refers to a desirable property of cryptographic algorithms, typically block ciphers and cryptographic hash functions, whereby a small change in the input (even just one bit) should produce a significant change in the output, ideally changing half of the output bits. This ensures that the output is not predictably related to the input, providing a measure of security for the hashed data or encrypted messages.