What is an example of privilege escalation attack?

  • A threat actor sends an email to an IT manager to request the root access.
  • A threat actor performs an access attack and gains the administrator password.
  • A DDoS attack is launched against a government server and causes the server to crash.
  • A port scanning attack finds that the FTP service is running on a server that allows anonymous access.

Explanation & Hint:

With the privilege escalation exploit, vulnerabilities in servers or access control systems are exploited to grant an unauthorized user, or software process, higher levels of privilege than either should have. After the higher privilege is granted, the threat actor can access sensitive information or take control of a system.

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