Last Updated on November 21, 2023 by InfraExam
Which information in the packet capture could be used to identify the suspicious behavior if the packet is encrypted using IPsec ESP transport mode?
- MAC address
- IP addresses
- ESP header
|Explanation & Hint:
If a packet is encrypted using IPsec ESP (Encapsulating Security Payload) in transport mode, the payload of the packet is encrypted and therefore not directly usable for identifying suspicious behavior. However, other elements of the packet that are not encrypted can be used for this purpose. Among the options provided:
- IP addresses: In IPsec ESP transport mode, the original IP headers are not encrypted. Therefore, the source and destination IP addresses in the packet remain visible and can be analyzed for suspicious activity, such as traffic to or from known malicious addresses or unusual patterns of communication.
- ESP header: The ESP header itself, while it does not provide detailed information about the payload, can still offer some useful information for analysis. For instance, certain patterns or anomalies in ESP headers, such as unexpected changes in the Security Parameters Index (SPI) or unusual packet sizes, might indicate suspicious behavior.
The other options, like “payload” and “MAC address,” have limitations:
- Payload: The payload is encrypted in IPsec ESP transport mode, so its contents cannot be directly inspected in a packet capture for suspicious behavior.
- MAC address: While MAC addresses are part of the Ethernet frame and visible in a packet capture, they are less useful for identifying suspicious behavior in this context, especially in a routed network where MAC addresses change at each hop. They are more relevant in the context of local network behavior and issues.
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