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Which protocol provides authentication, integrity, and confidentiality services and is a type of VPN?

  • IPsec
  • ESP
  • MD5
  • AES
Explanation & Hint:

The protocol that provides authentication, integrity, and confidentiality services, and is commonly used as a type of VPN (Virtual Private Network), is IPsec (Internet Protocol Security).

Here’s an explanation of all the options:

  1. IPsec: This is a suite of protocols for securing internet protocol (IP) communications by authenticating and encrypting each IP packet of a communication session. IPsec includes protocols for establishing mutual authentication between agents at the beginning of the session and negotiating cryptographic keys to be used during the session. It’s widely used for VPNs.
  2. ESP (Encapsulating Security Payload): This is a component of IPsec used for providing confidentiality, data-origin authentication, connectionless integrity, an anti-replay service (a form of partial sequence integrity), and limited traffic flow confidentiality. While ESP is a part of IPsec, it’s not a standalone protocol for VPNs.
  3. MD5 (Message-Digest Algorithm 5): This is a widely used cryptographic hash function that produces a 128-bit (16-byte) hash value. It’s commonly used to check the integrity of files. However, MD5 is not used for creating VPNs and is considered insecure for many cryptographic purposes.
  4. AES (Advanced Encryption Standard): This is a symmetric encryption algorithm widely used across the globe. AES is used in various applications, including securing VPNs. It’s a key component of many security protocols but on its own, it’s not a VPN protocol.

So, among these options, IPsec is the correct answer as it’s the protocol suite providing a full range of security services for VPNs.

For more Questions and Answers:

CCNA 3 v7 – ENSA v7.02 Final Exam Answers Full 100%

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